History of Industrial Relations is a interesting thing to learn. Industrial relations is the relations that exist with in the organisation among the employees employee, Employer and employee, Employer and trade union. The evolution of industrial relations is in global level then it emerged in India. Let us see the history of Industrial relations in detail:
Industrial Relations Global Evolution
The history of Industrial relations started along with the Industrial revolution. Industrial revolution is basically focused on transmission of handmade production towards machine made productions. Textile industry was the industry which dominated the industrial revolution. This is the time when concept of Industrial relations evolved for the first time.
Industrial Relations in India
Industrial Relations in India stated long back. In the first phase of 19th century Indian labours faced very bad situation. The relations between the employees and employers were like master and servants. Employees were hired and fired.
During this period the industry (both employees and employers) faced severe problems like:
Poor working condition
Absence of job security
Long working hours
Absence of welfare activities
Absence of skilled labor
In this stage both management and government were trying to find a solution to these major labor issues. At this same time International Labor Organization (ILO) has been formed to create peace in the industry at international level.
Indian government also started its activities to create a harmony in the industry. In this context an Act was introduced called trade disputes Act 1929. This is how the role of IR started in Indian organizations. Later Government formed several institutions or committees to solve the issues related to IR but due to political changes most of them were not so successful.
In mid of 19th century several disputes were started in the organizations. Employees started forming association for themselves to protect themselves from the employer’s unfair labor practices. Employer’s associations were also formed to take firm decisions.
To solve these issues the government has taken several steps like setting up of dispute settling authorities, collective bargaining etc… This over all activity is taken care by IR department in each organization. This is how industrial relations evolved in Indian industries.